05 Jun
eu 2020

Eurostat publishes a statistical portrait of the European Union compared with G20 countries

Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union, has published the latest edition of the publication “The EU in the world”, which provides a portrait of the European Union (EU), considered as a single entity, in comparison with the 16 non-EU Group of Twenty countries (G20).

The G20 brings together the world major advanced and emerging economies. It includes the EU, three EU Member States (Germany, France and Italy) and 16 countries from the rest of the world (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States).

The publication includes 14 chapters and covers three general topics: people and society (population, health, education and training, labour market, living conditions and digital society), economy and business (economy and finance, international trade, business, research and development), and environment and natural resources (transport, energy, environment, agriculture, forestry and fisheries).


The publication compares the EU to the 16 non-EU G20 countries, using a range of European and international statistics. For many indicators, the total for the world is also included. This news release presents a small selection of the wide range of indicators included in the publication.
6% of the world population live in the EU

The EU had 450 million inhabitants in 2018, the third highest number among G20 countries, accounting for 5.9% of the world population (7.6 billion inhabitants).

China (over 1.4 bn inhabitants or 18.7% of the world population) and India (almost 1.4 bn or 17.7%) were the most populous countries in the world, while the United States (327 million or 4.3%), Indonesia (268 million or 3.5%) and Brazil (209 million or 2.7%) accounted for a lower share of the world population than the EU. Together, the G20 members accounted for 63.3% of world population.

The average number of births per woman in the EU stood at 1.56 in 2017. It was the fourth lowest rate among G20 members surpassing only Canada (1.50), Japan (1.43) and South Korea (1.05). The highest fertility rates were registered in South Africa (2.43 live births per woman, which is also the world average), Saudi Arabia (2.37) Indonesia (2.34), Argentina (2.28), India (2.24) and Mexico (2.16).

Three quarters (75%) of the EU population lived in an urban area in 2018; this share was considerably above the world average of 55%. Nevertheless, in 11 of the non-EU G20 members, the share of inhabitants living in urban areas was higher than the share of the EU.

This share exceeded 90% in Argentina and Japan (both 92%), while India had by far the lowest share, with just over one third (34%) of its population living in urban areas.

By: Estela Martín

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