Annual inflation stable at 1.0% in the euro area (August 2019)
The euro area annual inflation rate was 1.0% in August 2019, stable compared to July. A year earlier, the rate was 2.1%. European Union annual inflation was 1.4% in August 2019, stable compared to July. A year earlier, the rate was 2.2%. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
The lowest annual rates were registered in Portugal (-0.1%), Greece (0.1%) and Spain (0.4%). The highest annual rates were recorded in Romania (4.1%), Hungary (3.2%), the Netherlands and Latvia (both 3.1%).
Compared with July, annual inflation fell in nine Member States, remained stable in six and rose in twelve. In August, the highest contribution to the annual euro area inflation rate came from services (+0.60 percentage points, pp), followed by food, alcohol & tobacco (+0.40 pp), non-energy industrial goods (+0.08 pp) and energy (-0.06 pp).
The euro area consists of Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.
The European Union includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
The euro area and European Union data refer to the respective country compositions at a specific point in time. New Member States are integrated into the aggregates using a chain index formula.
(* According to Eurostat, data for the United Kingdom for August 2019 were not available in time for publication. Due to this fact, the EU totals have been calculated using Eurostat estimates).